ш.Душанбе, кч. У. Хайём 120,
Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, 734017
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Heavy rain and strong winds on March 21, 2020 have resulted in a mudflow in Halqajar village of Sadriddin Aini jamoat, Khuroson district, Khatlon province. Mudflow affected about 140 households, partially destroying their houses and damaging number of critical social infrastructure, livelihoods and livestock. Relatives and neighbors currently host inhabitants of the destroyed houses. Local authorities, through civil services are undertaking debris removal of main roads and houses in support of affected population utilizing labor and heavy machinery.

Also mudflow damaged irrigation water supply channels and drinking water system and currently access to clean drinking water and irrigation water in the village is limited. In addition, it destroyed crops on 10 ha of agricultural lands and kitchen gardens.

As a result of the natural disaster, unfortunately one man died (Mr. Mirzoqul Rahmonqulov, 1961) who was in his Farm Association land.

According to the results of the preliminary assessment conducted by the National Emergency Response Commission in the affected area, as of March 22, 2020 the total number of residential houses with structural damages caused by mudflows stands at 140 households which are partially damaged and mudded. The number of destroyed and damaged houses may increase, once the detailed assessment has been completed. Mudflow damaged and destroyed assets and stocks of the population (livestock, food, water supply systems, latrines, household items etc.), and damaged auxiliary premises and land plots of the residential houses.

The Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan Bokhtar branch’s staff and National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) members were on the disaster site in the first hours of emergency to conduct rapid assessment, provide support to the affected population by rendering first aid and psychological support. They have participated in evacuation activities and assisted the affected households in cleaning the mud from their homes.

The intense rain and flooding have affected different sectors at multiple levels. Initial assessment at the local level has identified the following humanitarian priorities: food, drinking water, household items, support in debris cleaning and sanitation/hygiene.

Food stocks and food storage facilities in most houses were damaged (covered with mud) or lost. People have also lost much of their cattle and livestock, gardens and agricultural fields, which are the main source of income for most of the affected households.

The Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan along with other partners will continue to monitor the situation.

Payrav Imomov, RCST DM Coordinator, March 22, 2020

Background

According to the last information received from the response HQ for COVID-19, MoH, Republic of Tajikistan and WHO office in Tajikistan as of March 19, 2020, there was no case of infection in the Republic of Tajikistan. On quarantine, as before, remain 477 people, who are the citizens of South Korea, Iran, Afghanistan, China and returned citizens of Tajikistan from affected countries.

On March 10, 2020 the WHO Representative Office in the Republic of Tajikistan, together with the Ministry of Health and Social protection of population, organized a three-day working meeting for the government agencies, international and nongovernmental organizations to develop a state plan for responding to cases of COVID-19 cases in the republic. A number of ministries in Tajikistan had been invited to this meeting (Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economy, Committee on Emergency Situations and Civil Defense, etc.), representatives of UN agencies, representatives of organizations of the International Movement of Red Cross and Red Crescent (German RC, IFRC, ICRC, RCST). This meeting was initiated by the leadership of the Republic of Tajikistan and an instruction was given within 3-days to submit this plan to the government of the republic, indicating all the needs and determining the role of all government departments, international and non-governmental organizations. The first day of the meeting was held as part of a simulation exercise and made it possible to determine the country's willingness to distribute COVID-19 in the Republic of Tajikistan. According to the results, it became obvious that at the moment in the Republic there are 2 reference laboratories at the capital level that meet WHO standards. However, with the dissemination of COVID-19, these laboratories will not be able to handle the load. It was also noted that at the country level, with the support of WHO office, 40 cases for testing COVID-19 have been received, which has 4,000 tests. Also received 4 cases for conducting control testing, which is about 190 tests, which is also not enough. It was also noted that at the moment there is an acute shortage of personal protective equipment in medical institutions and medical institutions conducting control at border crossings (airports and railway stations).

The second and third days were devoted to the development of the budget, along all lines of the needs of the health system, as well as all governmental structure involved in the response. As a result of the meeting, RCST was included in the Response Plan in Communication part.

Canceled earlier celebrations dedicated to the holiday of Navruz, were again resumed in the period from March 18, 2020. The official celebration of Navruz holiday is planned to be held on March 22, 2020 in Khujand town, Sughd region with the participation of over 12,000 people. Also on March 19, 2020 by the Government of Tajikistan official permission was given to hold joint Friday prayers in mosques. From the period from March 20, 2020 in Tajikistan all air-flights are officially closed and all airports in the country are closed. The preliminary dates of the resumption of flights are beginning of May 2020.

Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan (RCST) actions

During the period from 10 to 20 March 2020, the RCST Response Headquarters staff actively began the process of planning activities to train schoolchildren in 30 districts of the republic, involving 1 800 volunteers under the USAID grant. RCST had already prepared draft of EPoA for COVID-19 and sent to IFRC regional office.

Besides, lists of youth volunteers, employees of the healthy lifestyle centers, educational departments and activists have been created. Also, the head of the response staff took part in the meeting of the Republican Center for the Protection of the Population from TB on the development of a response plan of COVID-19, regarding persons affected by TB.

On March 20, 2020 RCST had received a request from the first deputy of GBAO region on assisting them with the hygiene kits and bed linen sets for quarantined people, treating in Murgab, Roshtqala and Khorog Medical clinics. Following the request, RCST is planned to provide 150 blankets, 200 quilts to GBAO hospitals (Murgab, Roshtqala and Khorog) in coming days.

On March 20, 2020 UNICEF office in Tajikistan donated "WatSan” IEC materials in amount of 6.000 pcs to be distributed among target districts at earliest possible through RCST branches.

Background information until 10 of March, 2020

According to information received from the response headquarters for COVID-19, as of March 10, 2020, there were no cases of infection in the Republic of Tajikistan. On quarantine, as before, remain 177 people, from among the citizens from South Korea, Iran, Afghanistan and China.

Over 2,000 cases of the H1N1 A influenza strain have been reported throughout the republic. This strain was determined by the reference laboratory in Dushanbe and marked as seasonal flu.

All services responsible for conducting control at the Tajik border crossing points are functioning normally.

On March 6 this year, representatives of the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare made a number of television performance to the population about panic related to false rumors of registering COVID-19 cases in Tajikistan, which in turn led to massive purchases of essential products (flour, butter sugar). After these performances, the level of food sales fell reduced.

Tajikistan Red Crescent Society actions

During the period from 6 to 10 March this year, volunteers and employees of RCST branches conducted a number of information campaigns among schoolchildren of secondary schools in the Rasht valley. In particular, informational campaigns were conducted in Rasht and Digital districts among 200 secondary schoolchildren.

On March 10, the WHO Representative Office in the Republic of Tajikistan, together with the Ministry of Health and Social protection of population, organized a 3-day working meeting of government agencies, international and nongovernmental organizations to develop a state plan for responding to cases of COVID-19 cases in the republic. A number of ministries have been invited to this meeting (Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economy, Committee on Emergency Situations and Civil Defense, etc.), representatives of UN agencies, representatives of organizations of the International Movement of Red Cross and Red Crescent (German RC, IFRC, ICRC, RCST). This meeting was initiated by the leadership of the republic and an instruction was given within 3 days to submit this plan to the government of the republic, indicating all the needs and determining the role of all government departments, international and non­governmental organizations.

The first day of the meeting was held as part of a simulation exercise, and made it possible to determine the country's willingness to distribute COVID-19 in the Republic of Tajikistan. According to the results, it became obvious that at the moment in the Republic there are 2 reference laboratories at the capital level that meet WHO standards. However, with the dissemination of COVID-19, these laboratories will not be able to handle the load. ТакжеIt was also noted that at the country level, with the support of WHO, 40 cases for testing COVID-19 have been received, which is 4,000 tests. Also received 4 cases for conducting control testing, which is about 190 tests, which is also not enough.

It was also noted that at the moment there is an acute shortage of personal protective equipment in medical institutions and medical institutions conducting control at border crossings (airports and railway stations).

Follow up actions:

-   To transfer received information to RCST HQ key staff

 -   To conduct on-job training for all ERC DM Coordinators for further dissemination among population.

Background information until 6 of March, 2020

By March 6, 2020, the situation in the Republic of Tajikistan remains stable. According to official data from the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Republic of Tajikistan and the WHO Representative Office in Tajikistan, there is no any cases of COVID-19 registration among the population. On quarantine, as before, remains 177 people, who are the citizens from South Korea, Iran, Afghanistan and China who arrived earlier to Tajikistan.

All services responsible for conducting COVID-19 control at the Tajik border crossing points are functioning normally.

According to the situation on March 4, 2020 of this year, the appeal was followed by the civil aviation service of the Republic of Tajikistan on a ban on the entry into the territory of Tajikistan of citizens from 35 countries of the world (1. Republic of China; 2. Japan; 3. Korea; 4. Vietnam; 5. Singapore; 6. Australia; 7. Malaysia; 8. Cambodia; 9. Philippine; 10. Thailand; 11. Nepal; 12. Sri Lanka; 13. India; 14. Finland; 15. Italy; 16. Great Britain; 17. Spain; 18. Sweden; 19. Belgium; 20. Israel; 21. Austria; 22. Croatia; 23. Switzerland; 24. United States of America; 25. Canada; 26. United Arab Emirates; 27. Egypt; 28. Islamic Republic of Iran; 29. Lebanon; 30. Kuwait; 31. Bahrain; 32. Oman; 33. Afghanistan; 34. Iraq; 35. Algeria). However, after a day, this decision was canceled and the ban on entry remained valid for citizens of 5 countries (Iran, Afghanistan, China, South Korea and Italy).

Also on March 4, 2020 from the Council of religion Committee of Tajikistan, an appeal was sent to citizens of the republic to abstain from visiting mosques, there was also a message from government agencies about the cancellation of festivities dedicated to International Navruz Day and rehearsals with the participation of university students.

All received messages, as well as false messages on social networks caused a wave of mass panic among the population. During the period of March 4, 2020 the panic began to buy up food supplies, in particular flour, butter and sugar. For the current evening of March 4, 2020, capital grocery stores depleted food supplies. The panic was also triggered by a chain reaction to the regions of the republic, where also the population, which in turn caused a sharp rise in prices for basic foodstuff, noted unjustified food purchases. On March 5, 2020 government agencies made an official appeal to the population based on the groundlessness of such panic moods. In particular, the Head of the COVID-19 Response Headquarters under the Government of Tajikistan, as well as the leadership of the Agency for Food Reserves of the Republic of Tajikistan, officially declared the availability of food supplies for a period of 24 months for 9.5 million people.

Red Crescent Society Tajikistan (RCST) actions

The COVID-19 response headquarters, established at the RCST HQ level, is in constant contact with the leadership of the Ministry of Health and Social protection of population of the Republic of Tajikistan, as well as the WHO Representative Office in Tajikistan to obtain statistics.

On February 5, 2020, RCST officially requested IFRC Country Representation in Tajikistan to provide National Society with information awareness materials, masks and gloves.

On March 6, 2020, it is a plan to conduct training from the WHO office to the RCST staff on preventive measures and response measures in the event of the occurrence of COVID-19 in Tajikistan. The RCST management had developed and approved a detailed response plan for the registration of cases of COVID-19, with identification of all responsible persons, the location of the response headquarters, communication facilities, and stock of preventive and protective equipment.

RCST with support of International Committee of Red Cross Mission (ICRC) in Tajikistan for prevention of COVID-19 handed over to Committee on Emergency Situations and Civil Defense, the following items: gloves - 500 pairs, masks (FFP1) - 100 pieces, overalls - 40 pairs, antibacterial soap -100 pieces, oxolinic ointment -100 tubes and information leaflet - 500 pieces. At the same time, ICRC Mission in Tajikistan provided 6,000 Tajik somoni for quarantine of 28 citizens of Tajikistan who crossed the Tajik-China border in Murgab district of Tajikistan. Also, with the support of the German Red Cross office (GRC) in Tajikistan provided 300 sets of hygiene kits for the prevention of COVID-19 for quarantine of persons in the Dushanbe Infection Diseases Hospital. GRC office in Tajikistan also printed 600 pieces of information materials developed by WHO and overhanded 500 pieces to CoES in National level.

To prevent the further spread of panic among the population, RCST plans to hold actions among the population of the Republic of Tajikistan to conduct outreach work in the capital's markets and public places.

Follow up actions:

- Participation in COVID-19 related meetings in National and Province levels; - RCST staff and volunteers are on standby to act in case of necessity.

DM\Health Departments’ teams, Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan, 20.03.2020.

20 марти соли 2020 аз љониби кормандон ва волонтёрони ҶамъиятиҲилолиАњмари Тољикистон «ҶҲАТ» дар њамбастагї бо шарикони рушди ЉЊАТ аз Маркази љумњуриявии мубориза бар зидди бемории сил, Федератсияи байналмилалии Љамъиятњои Салиби Сурх ва Њилоли Ањмар, Салиби Сурхи Олмон, USAIDбахшида ба рўзи умумиљањонии мубориза ба зидди бемории сил дар беморхонаи кўдаконаи зидди силии шањри Душанбе иќдоми хайриявиро амалї намуданд.

Дар ин чорабинї њамчунин аз љониби намояндагони ЉЊАТ дар њамбастагї бо Маркази дилхушии кудаконаи «Мадагаскар» ба 50 нафар кўдакони гирифтори бемории сил њаргуна ширинињо, суманак ва торт ва њамчунин барномаи фарњангиву фароѓатї ташкил карда шуд.

Бояд ќайд намуд, ки њамасола кормандон ва волонтёрони ҶҲАТдар таљлили њама љашну чорабинињои байналмилалї, алалхусус дар Рўзи умумиљањонии мубориза ба зидди бемории сил, Рўзи байналмилалии донории хун ва ѓайрањо фаъолона иќдомњо барпо менамоянд.

 

Маркази иттилоотии ҶҲАТ, шањри Душанбе, 20 марти соли 2020

Background

By March 6, 2020, the situation in the Republic of Tajikistan remains stable. According to official data from the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Republic of Tajikistan and the WHO Representative Office in Tajikistan, there is no any cases of COVID-19 registration among the population. On quarantine, as before, remains 177 people, who are the citizens from South Korea, Iran, Afghanistan and China who arrived earlier to Tajikistan.

All services responsible for conducting COVID-19 control at the Tajik border crossing points are functioning normally.

According to the situation on March 4, 2020 of this year, the appeal was followed by the civil aviation service of the Republic of Tajikistan on a ban on the entry into the territory of Tajikistan of citizens from 35 countries of the world (1. Republic of China; 2. Japan; 3. Korea; 4. Vietnam; 5. Singapore; 6. Australia; 7. Malaysia; 8. Cambodia; 9. Philippine; 10. Thailand; 11. Nepal; 12. Sri Lanka; 13. India; 14. Finland; 15. Italy; 16. Great Britain; 17. Spain; 18. Sweden; 19. Belgium; 20. Israel; 21. Austria; 22. Croatia; 23. Switzerland; 24. United States of America; 25. Canada; 26. United Arab Emirates; 27. Egypt; 28. Islamic Republic of Iran; 29. Lebanon; 30. Kuwait; 31. Bahrain; 32. Oman; 33. Afghanistan; 34. Iraq; 35. Algeria). However, after a day, this decision was canceled and the ban on entry remained valid for citizens of 5 countries (Iran, Afghanistan, China, South Korea and Italy).

Also on March 4, 2020 from the Council of religion Committee of Tajikistan, an appeal was sent to citizens of the republic to abstain from visiting mosques, there was also a message from government agencies about the cancellation of festivities dedicated to International Navruz Day and rehearsals with the participation of university students.

All received messages, as well as false messages on social networks caused a wave of mass panic among the population. During the period of March 4, 2020 the panic began to buy up food supplies, in particular flour, butter and sugar. For the current evening of March 4, 2020, capital grocery stores depleted food supplies. The panic was also triggered by a chain reaction to the regions of the republic, where also the population, which in turn caused a sharp rise in prices for basic foodstuff, noted unjustified food purchases. On March 5, 2020 government agencies made an official appeal to the population based on the groundlessness of such panic moods. In particular, the Head of the COVID-19 Response Headquarters under the Government of Tajikistan, as well as the leadership of the Agency for Food Reserves of the Republic of Tajikistan, officially declared the availability of food supplies for a period of 24 months for 9.5 million people.

Red Crescent Society Tajikistan (RCST) actions

The COVID-19 response headquarters, established at the RCST HQ level, is in constant contact with the leadership of the Ministry of Health and Social protection of population of the Republic of Tajikistan, as well as the WHO Representative Office in Tajikistan to obtain statistics.

On February 5, 2020, RCST officially requested IFRC Country Representation in Tajikistan to provide National Society with information awareness materials, masks and gloves.

Today on March 6, 2020, it is a plan to conduct training from the WHO office to the RCST staff on preventive measures and response measures in the event of the occurrence of COVID-19 in Tajikistan. The RCST management had developed and approved a detailed response plan for the registration of cases of COVID-19, with identification of all responsible persons, the location of the response headquarters, communication facilities, and stock of preventive and protective equipment.

RCST with support of International Committee of Red Cross Mission (ICRC) in Tajikistan for prevention of COVID-19 handed over to Ministry of Health of Republic of Tajikistan the following items: gloves – 500 pairs, masks (FFP1) – 100 pieces, overalls – 40 pairs, antibacterial soap – 100 pieces, oxolinic ointment – 100 tubes and information leaflet – 500 pieces. At the same time, ICRC Mission in Tajikistan provided 6,000 Tajik somoni for quarantine of 28 citizens of Tajikistan who crossed the Tajik-China border in Murgab district of Tajikistan. Also, with the support of the German Red Cross office (GRC) in Tajikistan provided 300 sets of hygiene kits for the prevention of COVID-19 for quarantine of persons in the Dushanbe Infection Diseases Hospital. GRC office in Tajikistan also printed 600 pieces of information materials developed by WHO and overhanded 500 pieces to CoES in National level.

To prevent the further spread of panic among the population, RCST plans to hold actions among the population of the Republic of Tajikistan to conduct outreach work in the capital's markets and public places.

 Follow up actions:

- Participation in COVID-19 related meetings in National and Province levels;

- RCST staff and volunteers are on standby to act in case of necessity.

 

DM\Health Departments’ teems, Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan, 06/03/2020.

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