ш.Душанбе, кч. У. Хайём 120,
Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, 734017
(+992 37)224 03 74

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FORECAST-BASED ACTION ”When a simulation exercise becomes a real response action…”

In January 2019, the National Red Crescent Societies of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan with technical support of the German Red Cross (GRC) and in close cooperation with the national hydrometeorological agencies and state emergency bodies (Ministry / Committee of Emergency Situations) of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan launched a "Forecast-based Financing" (FbF) project. This project initiative is funded by the Deutsche Bank Stiftung.

In the first half of 2019 a substantial amount of work has been accomplished in both countries with the support of GRC HQ and Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre in The Hague.  Drafts of Early Action Protocols (EAPs) on heatwave scenarios have been developed for both countries in a short period of time. According to project action plan these scenarios are to be further tested during the summer 2019.

On July 10, 2019, a heatwave alert warning  for the duration of 8 days (12 - 18 July 2019) was issued by the National Hydrometeorological agency of Tajikistan for the southern, northern and the central part of the country with the temperature soaring as high as 44-46 °C. The alert on heat anomaly was extended two times – until August 10. Based on this situation, the FbF project team in Tajikistan took anticipatory actions in close collaboration with the Committee of Emergency Situations and local authorities and activated the draft EAP on heatwave scenario in Tajikistan.

The EAP identifies water supply issues as the major problem of people in case of heatwaves. Two days following the alert, RCST team in cooperation with governmental authorities managed to activate  distribution of daily drinking water supplies to vulnerable population of Orzu village, (Zafarobod district) severely affected by this natural phenomenon. This region was considered in EAP as one of the most vulnerable to heatwaves after a comprehensive analysis was done countrywide, which has come about to happen in reality. As a result, 180 households (900 people) receive daily 13,500 liters of water at the rate of 15 liters per person per day in line with humanitarian standards (SPHERE). By August 8, 2019 391,500 liters of water have been distributed in a 29-day stretch. It is worthwhile to mention  good synergies and a high degree of cooperation / coordination with local authorities effectuated in short time by the FbF project team in Tajikistan. RCST has involved its branch in Zafarobod district, Sughd province branches and its HQ, represented in total by 6 staff and 25 volunteers to carry out an information campaign activities as well as engaged them in water distribution together with GRC staff.

Meanwhile, based on established communication strategy, comprehensive information campaigns have been conducted in all target communities, hospitals, as well as in public places. These activities were comprised of sending out messages on how to mitigate heatstroke risks.

In addition, a field simulation exercise was held in the same affected village engaging representatives of governmental structures, National Red Crescent Societies staff and volunteers and active residents of most vulnerable communities from northern and southern Tajikistan. This event gave the participants an opportunity to ‘feel’ a real heatwave disaster scenario  in a particular area.  

For more details, please contact:

Umedali Saiduniev, FbA Project Coordinator, RCST Office

Mob. Phone: +992 93 561 40 40, E-mail:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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